Florida Wage and Hour Considerations for Minor Employees
In the interest of protecting children from unreasonable work conditions, Florida enacted a number of wage and hour considerations for minor employees. Under Florida Statute 450.081, employers must adhere to certain restrictions when they employ minor children.
Florida Employment Rules for Minors Aged 15 or Younger
Minor employees aged 15 or younger have several work restrictions. While school is in session, these minor employees are not allowed to work more than 15 hours per week. Additionally, if they have school the next day, these minor employees have two additional restrictions. First, they are not allowed to perform work duties before 7:00 a.m. or after 7:00 p.m. Second, they are not allowed to work more than eight hours in one day.
While school is not in session, i.e. during a holiday or over summer break, these restrictions loosen slightly. At those times, minor employees aged 15 or younger can work until 9 p.m., and for up to eight hours per day and 40 hours per week.
Florida Employment Rules for Minors Aged 16 or 17
The restrictions are similar for minor ages 16-17. If they have school the next day, minor employees aged 16 or 17 are not allowed to work more than 30 hours per week. Additionally, they are not allowed to perform work duties before 6:30 a.m. or after 11:00 p.m. nor are they allowed to work more than eight hours in one day.
Florida Employment Rules for all Minors Aged 17 or Younger
All minor employees aged 17 or younger have a cap on the number of consecutive days they can work. Specifically, these minor employees are not allowed to work more than six days in a row during a single week.
Minor employees aged 17 or younger have certain work hour restrictions as well. Minor employees are not allowed to work for more than four hours in a row. After four hours of work, minors must have a 30-minute break to eat a meal,before being allowed to for another four-hour interval.
Exceptions to Florida Employment Rules for Minor Employees
The rules and considerations in Florida Statute 450.081 do not apply to minor employees who:
- Have a high school diploma or equivalent degree;
- Qualify for hardship reasons, including poverty and emergency;
- Hold a certificate of exemption from their school superintendent;
- Perform domestic service functions for private citizens;
- Work for their parents; or
- Serve as pages in the Florida Legislature.
Do You Need Legal Help?
The laws in Florida provide strict guidelines for the employment of minors. In order to ensure adherence to all applicable regulations in Florida, it can be helpful to consult with a labor and employment attorney. The attorneys at Penichet Law in Miami, Florida, have extensive experience in the field of labor and employment law, including the special considerations for employing minors. If you need legal help, contact us today for a consultation.